REPs are only active in deregulated energy markets, meaning you can only choose your energy provider if you live in select states. Most states are only partially deregulated, or have different levels of regulation for different energy commodities. No state has a completely deregulated energy market.
Currently, 28 states plus Washington D.C. have some form of deregulated energy market available. The following table lists states with deregulated electricity markets (and therefore active Retail Energy Providers) and details what utility territories feature electricity choice.
States with deregulated electricity markets
|Arizona||Only a pilot electric choice program for large industrial customers|
|California||Available (with caps) for PG&E, SDG&E, and SCE customers|
|Connecticut||Available in Eversource and United Illuminating territories|
|Delaware||Available in Delmarva and Delaware Electric Cooperative territories|
|Washington D.C.||Available in Pepco territory|
|Georgia||Available for commerical and industrial consumers (loads over 900 kW)|
|Illinois||Available in Ameren and ComEd territories|
|Maine||Available in Emera and CMP territories|
|Maryland||Available in BGE, Choptank Electric Cooperative, Delmarva, Potomac Edison, Pepco, and SMECO territories|
|Massachusetts||Available in Eversource, National Grid, and Unitil territories|
|Michigan||Available, but capped|
|New Hampshire||Available in Eversource, Liverty, UES, and NHEC territories|
|New Jersey||Available in Atlantic City Electric, JCP&L, PSEG, and Orange & Rockland territories|
|New York||Available in Central Hudson, NYSEG, National Grid, Orange & Rockland, and RG&E territories|
|Ohio||Available in AEP Ohio, Dayton Power & Light, Duke Energy Ohio, and FirstEnergy territories|
|Oregon||Available for commercial and industrial consumers in PGE and Pacific Power territories (at least 30 kW per month)|
|Pennsylvania||Available in Citizens' Electric, Duquesne Light, Met-Ed, PECO, Penelec, Penn Power, Pike County Light & Power, PPL, UGI, Wellsboro Electric, and West Penn Power territories|
|Rhode Island||Available in National Grid territories|
|Texas||Availale in AEP Central, AEP North, CenterPoint, Oncor, Sharyland, and Texas New Mexico Power territories|
|Virginia||Available in Appalachian Power and Dominion territories|
Just because your state has a deregulated electricity market doesn’t mean you can get your electricity from a retail energy provider. Depending on your utility territory, you may or may not be able to take advantage of REPs even if your state is listed as “deregulated” in the table above.