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Other Clean Options  |  Retail Energy Providers  |  Where are REPs Active?

Where are REPs active?

Last updated 1/8/2020

states with reps

Because REPs are only active in deregulated energy markets, you can only choose your energy provider if you live in select states. Making matters more complex, most states are only partially deregulated or have different levels of regulation for different energy commodities - for example, gas versus electricity. It is important to keep in mind that no state has a completely deregulated energy market.

States with deregulated electricity markets

Currently, 28 states plus Washington D.C. have some form of deregulated energy market available. The following table lists states with deregulated electricity markets (and therefore active Retail Energy Providers) and details what utility territories feature electricity choice.

States with deregulated electricity markets 

State Deregulated electricity market? Notes
Alabama No  
Alaska No  
Arizona Yes Only a pilot electric choice program for large industrial customers
Arkansas No  
California Yes Available (with caps) for PG&E, SDG&E, and SCE customers
Colorado No  
Connecticut Yes Available in Eversource and United Illuminating territories
Delaware Yes Available in Delmarva and Delaware Electric Cooperative territories
Washington D.C. Yes Available in Pepco territory
Florida No  
Georgia Yes Available for commerical and industrial consumers (loads over 900 kW)
Hawaii No  
Idaho No  
Illinois Yes Available in Ameren and ComEd territories 
Indiana No  
Iowa No  
Kansas No  
Kentucky No  
Louisiana No  
Maine Yes Available in Emera and CMP territories
Maryland Yes Available in BGE, Choptank Electric Cooperative, Delmarva, Potomac Edison, Pepco, and SMECO territories
Massachusetts Yes Available in Eversource, National Grid, and Unitil territories
Michigan Yes Available, but capped
Minnesota No  
Mississippi No  
Missouri No  
Montana No  
Nebraska No  
Nevada No  
New Hampshire Yes Available in Eversource, Liverty, UES, and NHEC territories
New Jersey Yes Available in Atlantic City Electric, JCP&L, PSEG, and Orange & Rockland territories
New Mexico No  
New York Yes Available in Central Hudson, NYSEG, National Grid, Orange & Rockland, and RG&E territories
North Carolina No  
North Dakota No  
Ohio Yes Available in AEP Ohio, Dayton Power & Light, Duke Energy Ohio, and FirstEnergy territories
Oklahoma No  
Oregon Yes Available for commercial and industrial consumers in PGE and Pacific Power territories (at least 30 kW per month)
Pennsylvania Yes Available in Citizens' Electric, Duquesne Light, Met-Ed, PECO, Penelec, Penn Power, Pike County Light & Power, PPL, UGI, Wellsboro Electric, and West Penn Power territories
Rhode Island Yes Available in National Grid territories
South Carolina No  
South Dakota No  
Tennessee No  
Texas Yes Availale in AEP Central, AEP North, CenterPoint, Oncor, Sharyland, and Texas New Mexico Power territories
Utah No  
Vermont No  
Virginia Yes Available in Appalachian Power and Dominion territories
Washington No  
West Virginia No  
Wisconsin No  
Wyoming No  


The availability of REPs is more complicated

Just because your state has a deregulated electricity market doesn’t mean you can get your electricity from a retail energy provider. Depending on your utility territory, you may or may not be able to take advantage of REPs even if your state is listed as “deregulated” in the table above.

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