Eversource Net Metering

How does Eversource net metering work?

Eversource net metering is a renewable rate program available to customers using their own renewable energy source to generate electricity. The program measures the difference between electricity delivered by Eversource to a customer and the amount of renewable energy that the customer generates and feeds back into the grid. Renewable energy sources that qualify for net metering include solar panels, wind turbines, cogeneration units, and micro turbines.

Where does Eversource offer net metering?

Eversource serves the states of Massachusetts (divided into the regions of Eastern and Western Massachusetts), Connecticut, and New Hampshire. The net metering program is available throughout Eversource’s territory; however, the requirements and rates vary by state.

State Program available? Program website
Connecticut Yes Site
Massachusetts Yes Site
New Hampshire Yes Site

What are Eversource’s rates and prices for net metering?

There is no charge for customers to have a net meter installed. There are interconnection fees that vary by solar panel system size and state (see chart at end of document).

Connecticut

The net metering rate for Connecticut solar system owners in Eversource territory are determined by multiplying the excess kilowatt-hour (kWh) fed into the grid by the standard electricity rate.

The vast majority of residential Eversource customers with solar panels in Connecticut will have a system that is under 20 kilowatts (kW) in size, which means they qualify for net metering as a Class I Renewable energy resource (sized at less than or equal to 2,000 kW). The standard service generation rate for Class I systems is 7.8 cents/kWh. This means that for every excess kWh a system panel system generates, you receive a credit worth 7.8 cents on your bill.

Massachusetts

For Eversource customers in Massachusetts, solar panel system size determines which of the three classes a net metering customer falls under:

  • Class I customers: 60 kW or less
  • Class II customers: 60-1,000 kW
  • Class III customers: 1,000 kW-2,000 kW

Class I customers receive 100% of the value of their excess kilowatt-hours, including Eversource charges for basic service, distribution, transmission, and transition.

For Class II and III systems, these rates and prices are determined based on a Market Net Metering Credit. The utility rate for net metering is calculated by multiplying 60% by the excess kilowatt-hours (including Eversource charges for basic service, distribution, transmission, and transition).

New Hampshire

Net metering is available to any Eversource customer in New Hampshire who owns or operates a facility powered by renewable energy, up to 1,000 kW in size.

The value of net metering credits are calculated by subtracting the kWh supplied by Eversource from the kWh fed back into the system during the billing period at 100% the applicable rate schedule. This surplus energy is entered into a ‘bank’ which can be used to reduce bill charges. If the surplus energy after one year is under 600 kWh, it can be carried forward to the next year.

State Customer type System size Electricity rate schedule
Connecticut Class I Less than/equal to 2000kW 100% of retail rate
Massachusetts Class I 60 kW or less 100% of retail rate
Massachusetts Class II Greater than 60 kW up to 1,000 kW 60% of retail rate
Massachusetts Class III Greater than 1,000 kW up to 2,000 kW 60% of retail rate
New Hampshire Any Peak capacity of 1000kW 100% of retail rate

What is Eversource’s net metering cap?

The Eversource net metering cap is the maximum amount of customer-sited renewable energy that is eligible for participation in the net metering program. It can be calculated as a percentage of total electricity production, or as a fixed number. The cap for Eversource net metering varies by state.

Connecticut

Connecticut has no stated limit on the aggregate capacity or net metered systems in a utility’s service territory.

Massachusetts

In Massachusetts, solar PV systems under 10 kW (e.g., most residential systems) are exempt from the net metering cap.

Otherwise, Eversource net metering in Eastern Massachusetts is available up to 4% of Eversource’s highest historical peak electricity load for private facilities and up to 5% of highest historical electricity peak load for public facilities. In Western Massachusetts, the cap for private facilities is 7% of highest historical peak load and 8% for public facilities.

Solar PV systems under 10 kW (e.g., most residential systems) are exempt from the net metering cap.

New Hampshire

New Hampshire law recently eliminated net metering caps in the state. As a result, there is no limit to the number of systems that can subscribe to net metering.

State Cap (%) Cap (MW)
Connecticut N/A N/A
Eastern Massachusetts Private: 4%
Public: 5%
< 10 kW: None
Private: 199.12 MW
Public: 248.90 MW
< 10 kW: None
Western Massachusetts Private: 7%
Public: 8%
< 10 kW: none
Private: 59.78 MW
Public: 68.32 MW
< 10 kW: None
New Hampshire N/A N/A

Is Eversource net metering the best in Connecticut, Massachusetts, and New Hampshire?

Eversource offers net metering to customers in Connecticut, Massachusetts, and New Hampshire at a competitive rate.

Connecticut

In Connecticut, Eversource’s net metering policy is very similar to the state’s other large energy supplier, United Illuminating. The costs for small project interconnection are both the same at $100, and both determine their solar panel system reimbursement price the same way. However, United Illuminating has a slightly higher electricity rate, which means that its net metering credits are worth slightly more.

Massachusetts

In Massachusetts, other energy companies that offer solar panel net metering include National Grid and ConEdison. These companies, like Eversource, comply with Massachusetts law in regards to net metering and the Market Net Metering Credit system that gives customers different rates depending on their solar panel system size. The only difference is in the value of a net metering credit, which is dependent on your location and energy needs.

New Hampshire

Other energy utilities offering net metering in New Hampshire include NHEC and Unitil. Like Eversource, both Unitil and NHEC offer customers a credit bank that may be carried over annually if below 600 kWh. The only difference is in the value of a net metering credit, which is dependent on your location and energy needs.

What will happen to my Eversource net metering bill credits?

Connecticut

The monthly Net Excess Generation (NEG) is credited at retail rate at the end of the billing cycle. Any remaining credits are carried forward to the next month. Any unused credits disappear at the end of the year.

Massachusetts

For systems in all three classes of net metering in Massachusetts, monthly NEG never expires and is rolled over to subsequent billing periods. However, the value of the credit is dependent on whether the system is a Class I, II, or III facility.

For Class II and III facilities, NEG credits in Massachusetts are credited at 60% of the retail rate of electricity. Class I facilities are “cap exempt,” so they receive a standard net metering credit worth 100% of the retail rate of electricity.

New Hampshire

Eversource customers in New Hampshire receive a credit for monthly NEG valued at the retail rate, and the credits do not expire. Any surplus kWh can be used in subsequent months and Eversource will indicate the amount accumulated in a customer’s ‘bank’ for future use. These banked hours can be used to reduce kWh bill charges for future months. If banked quantities are less than 600 kWh, credits can be carried forward annually.

Does Eversource offer other solar incentives?

Eversource does not offer other solar incentives directly to customers. However, there is a federal tax credit for solar, as well as some state incentives:

Eversource solar interconnection policies and costs

Interconnection is the process of physically connecting your solar panels (or other renewable energy source) to Eversource’s electric power system. Each state within Eversource’s territory requires an application to connect. Application fees and requirements vary by state.

  • Connecticut: If you are a customer applying for interconnection and want to be considered for net metering, you must submit a separate net metering application.
  • Massachusetts: If you are a customer applying for interconnection and want to be considered for net metering, you must submit a separate net metering application.
  • New Hampshire: If you are a customer applying for interconnection and you want to be considered for net metering, your application to connect is all you need to apply for net metering.
State Project Criteria App. fee
Connecticut Systems 10 kW or under $100
Connecticut Systems 2 MW or under $500
Connecticut Systems over 2 MW in size $1,000
Massachusetts Systems under 15 kW (single phase inverter)
or under 25 kW (three phase inverter)
No fee
Massachusetts All other systems $4.50/kW
New Hampshire Projects under 100 kVa No fee
New Hampshire Projects over 100 kVa $500

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